Your Quick How-to Guide to Solar Panel Installation
In this article, we will discuss how to install solar panels. Solar panels can be purchased from various online stores. You can also buy it from solar energy companies.
These are preferably installed on the tops of buildings, rooftops, and even facilities that are stand-alone. Look for a place that takes a lot of focused sun exposure to optimize your usage.
During installation, choose a position wherein the photovoltaic panels are focused under the sun at noon. This maximizes the efficiency of the photovoltaic device.
Remove anything that could obstruct the sunlight before installing the solar panels. Items like thick branches may hinder the sunlight from reaching your unit.
Mounts for solar panels are utilized to put up the photovoltaic panels. There are three main types of these panels, namely, flush mounts, roof-ground mounts, and pole mounts.
These mounts will make it possible for you to install the solar panels on your roof, or on your rooftop. You can also install it on a pole’s opposite side, or even on your RV. Furthermore, you can connect your solar panels as a self-supporting unit.
Things You Need to Do Prior to Installation
Here are several critical points that you should know before you start the installation process.
Calculate Your Costs
First, calculate and take a look at all the costs that will take place when setting up your solar panel system. This cost is based on what type and what solar panel system you would like to install.
These costs include purchasing the hardware, putting them up on your preferred location, as well as the expenses you will incur on maintaining the whole system.
Depending on which country you live in, your government might offer a subsidy. To be able to encourage the utilization of energy that can be renewed, some governments, such as the United States, provide grants. Research about this and include it when calculating the costs.
Consider the Equipment You Need
Next, you have to create a roster of all the equipment you will need to put up a solar panel system. This includes items such as batteries, power inverter, charge controls, and the solar panels themselves.
Consider the Size of Your System
Next, you have to identify the required extent of your solar panel system. Start this by getting a wattage total of every electricity-powered device that you’re planning to connect to your solar energy system. Make a calculation based on the number of hours you will be using these appliances.
By doing this, you will then figure out your required wattage, wire size, as well as the battery size that you will need for your system. You have to take note that getting the wire size right will help keep the wires from overheating. Thus, ensuring optimal power transfer towards the batteries.
How Do You Install Solar Panels?
Now that you have your plan laid out, here is a guide on how you can install your solar panels.
Step 1: Install the Mount
First, you have to secure the mounts that will be of use to support your solar panels. These mounts are the ones mentioned above. Your base structure should be able to provide support and be sturdy enough. It is also critical to be very careful in handling the direction on where you will point the solar panels.
For instance, it is best to make the solar panels face the South if you’re at the Northern Hemisphere. This is because the south is where it will get the maximum amount of sunlight. You can also get sunlight by using the West and East directions. Furthermore, if you’re located within the Southern Hemisphere, your best route to face is the North.
The structure of your mount should be a little bit tilted. Your tilt’s angle should be in between 18 and 36 degrees. To increase the efficiency of the conversion, a lot of companies make use of solar trackers.
Step 2: Put up your Solar Panels
Second, you need to secure your solar panels using the structure for mounting. You can do this by fastening it with bolts and nuts. You have to secure them tight enough, so your panels last long and remain sturdy.
Step 3: Fix the Wiring
The next action is to set your electric wiring. Usually, connectors like the MC4 are utilized in this. This is because these can be attached to every solar panel type. You can make use of the following series when setting up the wiring.
In this instance, the connection done is Positive (+) to Positive (+) and also Negative (-) to Negative (-). In this wiring type, every panel’s voltage remains the same.
For this, you have to connect the Positive (+) cable of one module of PV to the Negative (-) cable of a different module. For this wiring type, the voltage compatibility with your battery bank increases.
Step 4: Attach the System on a Solar Inverter
In this step, you have to attach the solar panel’s Positive wire onto the inverter’s Positive terminal. Further, the Negative cable is also attached to the terminal’s Negative inverter.
After that, you have to attach the inverter of the solar panel to the Grid input and also the battery to make it capable of electricity generation.
Step 5: Put Together the Solar Battery and the Solar Inverter
In this step, the inverter’s positive terminal is connected to the battery’s positive terminal as well as the negative and negative counterparts. This is important to save backup electricity in a non-grid system of panels.
Step 6: Attract the Grid to the Solar Inverter
To do this step, you have to use a standard plug to link to the switch board’s primary power. A wire for output is then attached to the electric board, which provides electrical supply to the household.
Step 7: Startup Your Solar Inverter
With steps one through six done, you have to finally initiate the inverter. You can do this by switching On your home’s main switch. A lot of solar inverters include a display that reflects the statistics of the electric generation. It also indicates information regarding the use of the solar unit.
Solar power is gaining popularity not just in the United States but also in other parts of the planet. This is because the sun is a good and clean source of energy and definitely can help in reducing pollution in the environment. By following the steps above, you be able to install your solar panels correctly, the first time around.